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Economia - Importado

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78 produtos
  • e-book

    Roots of Brazilian Relative Economic...

    Alexandre Rands Barros
    (9552119)

    Roots of Brazil'apos;s Relative Economic Backwardness explains Brazil'apos;s development level in light of modern theories regarding economic growth and international economics. It focuses on both the proximate and fundamental causes of Brazil'apos;s...

  • e-book

    Economics as an Evolutionary Science - From...

    Gandolfi,Anna Sachko
    (10112263)

    Economics is traditionally taken to be the social science concerned with the production, consumption, exchange, and distribution of wealth and commodities. Economists carefully track the comings and goings of the human household, whether written...

  • e-book

    El Salvador

    Dept.,International Monetary Fund. Stat
    (10122631)

    As part of the Regional Project on Harmonizing External Sector Statistics (Proyecto Regional de Armonización de las Estadísticas del Sector Externo - PRAESE) of the Technical Assistance Center for Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic,...

  • e-book

    A Multidimensional Approach to Trade Policy...

    Rachel J. Nam
    (10122743)

    We present and discuss a set of indicators to help assess countries' trade policies. The indicators relate to three policy areas - trade in goods, trade in services, and FDI. Given concerns about the direction of global trade policy, we also consider...

  • e-book

    Capital Account Openness in Low-income...

    Daili Wang; Sarwat Mrs. Jahan
    (9466427)

    The relevance of recording and assessing countries' capital flow management measures iswell-recognized, but very few studies have focused on low-income developing countries(LIDCs). A key constraint is the lack of an appropriate index to measure the...

  • e-book

    Saving a Place - Endangered Species in the...

    Baden,John A.
    (10120960)

    This title was first published in 2000:  The noble goals embodied in the Endangered Species Act are colliding with financial and social realities. Citizens increasingly face the costs of current policies, while initiatives which fail to respect...

  • e-book

    Evaluation and Poverty Reduction

    Osvaldo N. Feinstein
    (10120349)

    In his foreword, the president of the World Bank, James D. Wolfensohn, states plainly and precisely the rationale for this volume. 'quot;Evaluation is a central aspect of any poverty reduction endeavor. Evaluation implies that we have adopted a...

  • e-book

    Insolvency and Enforcement Reforms in Italy

    José Garrido
    (9465225)

    Italian banks are burdened with high levels of nonperforming loans, the cleanup of which depends in important part on the efficiency of insolvency and enforcement processes. Traditionally, these processes in Italy have taken very long, hampering the...

  • e-book

    Detroit - Three Pathways to Revitalization

    Solomon,Lewis D.
    (10120598)

    As America'apos;s most dysfunctional big city, Detroit faces urban decay, population losses, fractured neighborhoods with impoverished households, an uneducated, unskilled workforce, too few jobs, a shrinking tax base, budgetary shortfalls, and...

  • e-book

    Demand for Money - An Analysis of the...

    Jonung,Lars
    (10120412)

    The income velocity of money-an inverse measure of the demand for money balances-is the ratio of the money value of income to the average money stock that the public (excluding banks) holds in a given period. Why the magnitude of that ratio has...

  • e-book

    Game Theory Approach to Managerial Strategies...

    Abdelhakim Hammoudi
    (10105171)

    Economic players must often choose between several strategic options in a fierce competitive environment where interactions with competitors make decisions particularly complex. Game theory offers useful insights to choose an optimal decision or at...

  • e-book

    Monetary Policy and Models of Currency Demand

    Mariam El Hamiani Khatat
    (10122653)

    Two types of currency in circulation models are identified: (1) a first generation derived fromthe theory of money demand and (2) a second generation aimed at producing daily forecastsof currency in circulation. In this paper, we transform the...

  • e-book

    Republic of Fiji

    Dept,International Monetary Fund. Asia
    (10122627)

    The economy is recovering after Cyclone Winston struck in February 2016. GDP growth is estimated to have rebounded to 3.8 percent in 2017 from 0.4 percent in 2016. It is projected to reach 3.5 percent in 2018 and stabilize at 3-3.5 percent in the...

  • e-book

    The Economics of Law, Order, and Action - The...

    Jakub Bozydar Wisniewski
    (10112179)

    According to the standard position of the economic mainstream, the efficient production of so-called public goods, including law and defense, requires the use of territorial monopolies of coercive force. Two arguments are put forward for this...

  • e-book

    The Toxic Boss Survival Guide - Tactics for...

    Chappelow,Craig
    (10129735)

    Chances are, you already know what it's like to work for a toxic boss. You know they suck the air out of a room and the life out of their employees, and you don't need a research report to tell you that working for one is a nightmare. If this sounds...

  • e-book

    Transaction Cost Economics and Beyond -...

    Dietrich,Michael
    (9564708)

    In recent years transaction costs economics have come to dominate the discussion of the nature and organization of firms. InTransaction Costs Economics and Beyond Michael Driscoll offers a critical exploration of transaction costs. He argues that...

  • e-book

    How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

    Coady,David; Ian W. H. Parry
    (9487139)

    This paper provides a comprehensive, updated picture of energy subsidies at the global and regional levels. It focuses on the broad notion of post-tax energy subsidies, which arise when consumer prices are below supply costs plus a tax to reflect...

  • e-book

    Grenada

    Dept.,International Monetary Fund. West
    (10125710)

    This paper discusses Grenada's Fifth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility (ECF), Request for Modification of Performance Criteria, and Financing Assurances review. Overall program implementation remains solid. All quantitative performance...

  • e-book

    Republic of Korea

    Dept,International Monetary Fund. Asia
    (10122628)

    Selected Issues

  • e-book

    Australia

    Dept,International Monetary Fund. Asia
    (10122643)

    Context. Australia has enjoyed a comparatively robust economic performance while adjusting to the end of the large mining boom of the 2000s. But the economy has not yet returned to full employment, and inflation is below its target range. Housing...

  • e-book

    Central Bank Reserve Management and...

    Jones,Bradley
    (10122744)

    Motivated by the tension first revealed during the global financial crisis between thedomestic and international financial stability obligations of central bank reserve managers,this paper offers some reflections along four main lines. First, the...

  • e-book

    Natural Law and the Origin of Political...

    Arild Saether
    (10132190)

    Samuel Pufendorf'apos;s work on natural law and political economy was extensive and has been cited by several important figures in the history of economic thought. Yet his name is rarely mentioned in textbooks on the history of economic thought, the...

  • e-book

    United Kingdom

    Dept.,International Monetary Fund. Euro
    (10122649)

    Selected Issues

  • e-book

    Portfolio Inflows Eclipsing Banking Inflows -...

    Eugenio M Mr. Cerutti
    (10122652)

    Superficial examination of aggregate gross cross-border capital inflow data suggests that therewas no substitution between portfolio inflows and bank loans in recent years. However, ournovel analysis of disaggregate inflows (both by types of...

  • e-book

    Macro-Financial Linkages and Heterogeneous...

    Grigoli, Francesco; Mario Mr. Mansilla
    (9466508)

    We propose a stress testing framework of credit risk, which analyzes macro-financial linkages, generates consistent forecasts of macro-financial variables, and projects NPL on the basis of such forecasts. Economic contractions are generally...

  • e-book

    Non-FDI Capital Inflows in Low-Income...

    David,Antonio; Araujo, Juliana Dutra
    (9486893)

    Low-income countries (LIDCs) are typically characterized by intermittent and very modest access to private external funding sources. Motivated by recent developments in private flows to LIDCs this paper makes two contributions: First, it constructs...

  • e-book

    Did the Global Financial Crisis Break the...

    Stefan Laseen; Marzie Taheri Sanjani
    (9466449)

    Inflation dynamics, as well as its interaction with unemployment, have been puzzling sincethe Global Financial Crisis (GFC). In this empirical paper, we use multivariate, possiblytime-varying, time-series models and show that changes in shocks are a...

  • e-book

    Do Resource Windfalls Improve the Standard of...

    Gueye, Cheikh A.; Munseob Lee
    (9465105)

    We examine the impact of resource windfall on the standard of living both in the short-run and long-run, using a sample of 130 countries, 1963-2007. Then, we systematically investigate the effect of resource windfall on welfare in three different...

  • e-book

    Inflation and the Black Market Exchange Rate...

    Valerie Ms. Cerra
    (9466370)

    This paper presents a stylized general equilibrium model of the Venezuelan economy. Themodel explains how the recent sharp fall in oil revenue combines with foreign exchangerationing to produce a steep rise in inflation. Counterintuitively, a...

  • e-book

    Aspects of British Economic History -...

    A. C. Pigou
    (9515143)

    Covering the period from November 1918 to the restoration of the Gold Standard in the UK in April 1925, this book, originally published in 1947, sets out and explains the economic facts of the immediate post-war period. There are sections on...

  • e-book

    Schumpeter, Innovation and Growth

    Mümtaz Keklik
    (10112861)

    This title was first published in 2003. Bringing together contemporary innovation pattern theories inspired by the two original patterns developed by Joseph A. Schumpeter, this book develops an innovative new model of long wave aggregate level...

  • e-book

    The Development of African Capital Markets -...

    Boniface Chimpango
    (9487001)

    Most capital markets that have been established in developing economies like Africa have struggled to make progress over two decades down the line. Development of African Capital Markets explores why these markets have remained underdeveloped and...

  • e-book

    Cuba'apos;s Second Economy - From behind the...

    Perez-lopez,Jorge
    (10121287)

    Without doubt, Cuba is facing its most serious economic challenge in nearly thirty-five years of revolutionary rule. There is consensus that as the official, centrally planned economy has faltered, ordinary citizens eke out a living only by engaging...

  • e-book

    Social Mobility and the Legal Profession

    Elaine Freer
    (10125209)

    This book will be crucial reading for students across a variety of disciplines. A broadly socio-legal text, using a mixed-methods design combining grounded theory with an in-depth case study, this research explores a rarely-seen facet of the legal...

  • e-book

    The Blind Side of Public Debt Spikes

    Jaramillo, Laura; Carlos Mr. Mulas-Granados
    (9465021)

    What explains public debt spikes since the end of WWII? To answer this question, this paperidentifies 179 debt spike episodes from 1945 to 2014 across advanced and developingcountries. We find that debt spikes are not rare events and their...

  • e-book

    Natural Law and the Origin of Political...

    Arild Saether
    (10132196)

    Samuel Pufendorf'apos;s work on natural law and political economy was extensive and has been cited by several important figures in the history of economic thought. Yet his name is rarely mentioned in textbooks on the history of economic thought, the...

  • e-book

    Where Does Multinational Investment Go with...

    Li Ms. Liu
    (10111004)

    In 2009, the United Kingdom changed from a worldwide to a territorial tax system, abolishingdividend taxes on foreign repatriation from many low-tax countries. This paper assesses thecausal effect of territorial taxation on real investments, using a...

  • e-book

    Routledge Revivals - Teachers (1994):...

    Kevin Harris
    (10111475)

    Originally published in 1994, Teachers: Constructing a Future is designed for teachers, as well as those interested in the future of schooling and education. The book draws on sociological analysis, philosophical insights and aspects of political...

  • e-book

    French Predecessors of Malthus

    Joseph J. Spengler
    (9562585)

    First Published in 1966. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

  • e-book

    Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Dept.,International Monetary Fund. Euro
    (9466653)

    The economy of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) continues to recover. Growth was3.2 percent in 2015, despite fiscal consolidation forced by financing constraints, and isexpected to be at about the same level this year. External and internal imbalances...

  • e-book

    Growing Apart, Losing Trust? The Impact of...

    Alexander Hijzen; Eric D Gould
    (9465343)

    There is a widespread perception that trust and social capital have declined in United States as well asother advanced economies, while income inequality has tended to increase. While previous research hasnoted that measured trust declines as...

  • e-book

    Morocco - A Practical Approach to Monetary...

    Mokhtar Benlamine
    (10122742)

    The Central Bank of Morocco has been working on developing a Forecasting and Policy Analysis System (FPAS) to support a gradual move toward a more flexible exchange rate regime and the eventual adoption of a full-fledged inflation-targeting (IT)...

  • e-book

    The Great Super Cycle

    Skarica,David
    (9309989)

    The United States has a problem – a big problem. Due to costs associated with the massive bailout of financial institutions deemed 'too big to fail,' on-going armed conflicts, and a move towards socialism, another even bigger bubble is about to burst...

  • e-book

    Republic of Croatia

    Dept.,International Monetary Fund. Euro
    (10110960)

    Near-term growth prospects are favorable, supported by strong tourism and private consumption, and a significantly improved fiscal position and external environment. The economy is operating close to potential. Growth is expected to decelerate if...

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