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Economia - Importado

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78 produtos
  • e-book

    Roots of Brazilian Relative Economic...

    Alexandre Rands Barros
    (9552119)

    Roots of Brazil'apos;s Relative Economic Backwardness explains Brazil'apos;s development level in light of modern theories regarding economic growth and international economics. It focuses on both the proximate and fundamental causes of Brazil'apos;s...

  • e-book

    Economics as an Evolutionary Science - From...

    Gandolfi,Anna Sachko
    (10112263)

    Economics is traditionally taken to be the social science concerned with the production, consumption, exchange, and distribution of wealth and commodities. Economists carefully track the comings and goings of the human household, whether written...

  • e-book

    El Salvador

    Dept.,International Monetary Fund. Stat
    (10122631)

    As part of the Regional Project on Harmonizing External Sector Statistics (Proyecto Regional de Armonización de las Estadísticas del Sector Externo - PRAESE) of the Technical Assistance Center for Central America, Panama, and the Dominican Republic,...

  • e-book

    Evaluation and Poverty Reduction

    Osvaldo N. Feinstein
    (10120349)

    In his foreword, the president of the World Bank, James D. Wolfensohn, states plainly and precisely the rationale for this volume. 'quot;Evaluation is a central aspect of any poverty reduction endeavor. Evaluation implies that we have adopted a...

  • e-book

    A Multidimensional Approach to Trade Policy...

    Rachel J. Nam
    (10122743)

    We present and discuss a set of indicators to help assess countries' trade policies. The indicators relate to three policy areas - trade in goods, trade in services, and FDI. Given concerns about the direction of global trade policy, we also consider...

  • e-book

    Capital Account Openness in Low-income...

    Daili Wang; Sarwat Mrs. Jahan
    (9466427)

    The relevance of recording and assessing countries' capital flow management measures iswell-recognized, but very few studies have focused on low-income developing countries(LIDCs). A key constraint is the lack of an appropriate index to measure the...

  • e-book

    Demand for Money - An Analysis of the...

    Jonung,Lars
    (10120412)

    The income velocity of money-an inverse measure of the demand for money balances-is the ratio of the money value of income to the average money stock that the public (excluding banks) holds in a given period. Why the magnitude of that ratio has...

  • e-book

    Detroit - Three Pathways to Revitalization

    Solomon,Lewis D.
    (10120598)

    As America'apos;s most dysfunctional big city, Detroit faces urban decay, population losses, fractured neighborhoods with impoverished households, an uneducated, unskilled workforce, too few jobs, a shrinking tax base, budgetary shortfalls, and...

  • e-book

    Saving a Place - Endangered Species in the...

    Baden,John A.
    (10120960)

    This title was first published in 2000:  The noble goals embodied in the Endangered Species Act are colliding with financial and social realities. Citizens increasingly face the costs of current policies, while initiatives which fail to respect...

  • e-book

    Insolvency and Enforcement Reforms in Italy

    José Garrido
    (9465225)

    Italian banks are burdened with high levels of nonperforming loans, the cleanup of which depends in important part on the efficiency of insolvency and enforcement processes. Traditionally, these processes in Italy have taken very long, hampering the...

  • e-book

    Game Theory Approach to Managerial Strategies...

    Abdelhakim Hammoudi
    (10105171)

    Economic players must often choose between several strategic options in a fierce competitive environment where interactions with competitors make decisions particularly complex. Game theory offers useful insights to choose an optimal decision or at...

  • e-book

    Transaction Cost Economics and Beyond -...

    Dietrich,Michael
    (9564708)

    In recent years transaction costs economics have come to dominate the discussion of the nature and organization of firms. InTransaction Costs Economics and Beyond Michael Driscoll offers a critical exploration of transaction costs. He argues that...

  • e-book

    United Kingdom

    Dept.,International Monetary Fund. Euro
    (10122649)

    Selected Issues

  • e-book

    Grenada

    Dept.,International Monetary Fund. West
    (10125710)

    This paper discusses Grenada's Fifth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility (ECF), Request for Modification of Performance Criteria, and Financing Assurances review. Overall program implementation remains solid. All quantitative performance...

  • e-book

    Central Bank Reserve Management and...

    Jones,Bradley
    (10122744)

    Motivated by the tension first revealed during the global financial crisis between thedomestic and international financial stability obligations of central bank reserve managers,this paper offers some reflections along four main lines. First, the...

  • e-book

    The Economics of Law, Order, and Action - The...

    Jakub Bozydar Wisniewski
    (10112179)

    According to the standard position of the economic mainstream, the efficient production of so-called public goods, including law and defense, requires the use of territorial monopolies of coercive force. Two arguments are put forward for this...

  • e-book

    Monetary Policy and Models of Currency Demand

    Mariam El Hamiani Khatat
    (10122653)

    Two types of currency in circulation models are identified: (1) a first generation derived fromthe theory of money demand and (2) a second generation aimed at producing daily forecastsof currency in circulation. In this paper, we transform the...

  • e-book

    Republic of Fiji

    Dept,International Monetary Fund. Asia
    (10122627)

    The economy is recovering after Cyclone Winston struck in February 2016. GDP growth is estimated to have rebounded to 3.8 percent in 2017 from 0.4 percent in 2016. It is projected to reach 3.5 percent in 2018 and stabilize at 3-3.5 percent in the...

  • e-book

    Natural Law and the Origin of Political...

    Arild Saether
    (10132190)

    Samuel Pufendorf'apos;s work on natural law and political economy was extensive and has been cited by several important figures in the history of economic thought. Yet his name is rarely mentioned in textbooks on the history of economic thought, the...

  • e-book

    Republic of Korea

    Dept,International Monetary Fund. Asia
    (10122628)

    Selected Issues

  • e-book

    How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

    Coady,David; Ian W. H. Parry
    (9487139)

    This paper provides a comprehensive, updated picture of energy subsidies at the global and regional levels. It focuses on the broad notion of post-tax energy subsidies, which arise when consumer prices are below supply costs plus a tax to reflect...

  • e-book

    The Toxic Boss Survival Guide - Tactics for...

    Chappelow,Craig
    (10129735)

    Chances are, you already know what it's like to work for a toxic boss. You know they suck the air out of a room and the life out of their employees, and you don't need a research report to tell you that working for one is a nightmare. If this sounds...

  • e-book

    Australia

    Dept,International Monetary Fund. Asia
    (10122643)

    Context. Australia has enjoyed a comparatively robust economic performance while adjusting to the end of the large mining boom of the 2000s. But the economy has not yet returned to full employment, and inflation is below its target range. Housing...

  • e-book

    Portfolio Inflows Eclipsing Banking Inflows -...

    Eugenio M Mr. Cerutti
    (10122652)

    Superficial examination of aggregate gross cross-border capital inflow data suggests that therewas no substitution between portfolio inflows and bank loans in recent years. However, ournovel analysis of disaggregate inflows (both by types of...

  • e-book

    Demand for Money - An Analysis of the...

    Jonung,Lars
    (10120471)

    The income velocity of money-an inverse measure of the demand for money balances-is the ratio of the money value of income to the average money stock that the public (excluding banks) holds in a given period. Why the magnitude of that ratio has...

  • e-book

    The Development of African Capital Markets -...

    Boniface Chimpango
    (9487001)

    Most capital markets that have been established in developing economies like Africa have struggled to make progress over two decades down the line. Development of African Capital Markets explores why these markets have remained underdeveloped and...

  • e-book

    Political Economics - Redistributive Policies

    Vincenzo Galasso
    (10122678)

    This book is written for undergraduate students in Economics and in Political Science who want to learn about the political economics of redistributive policies. It provides a positive analysis of the political process behind the design and...

  • e-book

    The Blind Side of Public Debt Spikes

    Jaramillo, Laura; Carlos Mr. Mulas-Granados
    (9465021)

    What explains public debt spikes since the end of WWII? To answer this question, this paperidentifies 179 debt spike episodes from 1945 to 2014 across advanced and developingcountries. We find that debt spikes are not rare events and their...

  • e-book

    The Great Super Cycle

    Skarica,David
    (9309989)

    The United States has a problem – a big problem. Due to costs associated with the massive bailout of financial institutions deemed 'too big to fail,' on-going armed conflicts, and a move towards socialism, another even bigger bubble is about to burst...

  • e-book

    Development Economics - Its Position in the...

    John Knapp
    (10120438)

    Interest in the problems of underdeveloped economies has increased since the early 1950s, and is now a primary topic in university courses. When this book was originally published, it reflected a sense among some economists that current, orthodox...

  • e-book

    Forest Management and Planning

    Siry,Jacek; Boston,Kevin; Bettinger, Pete; Siry,Jacek P.
    (3162576)

    This book provides a focused understanding of contemporary forest management issues through real life examples to engage students. The methodology for the development of quantitatively-derived forest management plans - from gathering information to...

  • e-book

    Regional Economic Outlook, October 2016,...

    Dept.,International Monetary Fund. Midd
    (9466492)

    This issue focuses on the ongoing adjustment to cheaper oil and subdued economic activity for oil-producing countries, as well as the weak and fragile recovery in the Caucasus and Central Asia region. It also discusses global spillovers from China's...

  • e-book

    Do Resource Windfalls Improve the Standard of...

    Gueye, Cheikh A.; Munseob Lee
    (9465105)

    We examine the impact of resource windfall on the standard of living both in the short-run and long-run, using a sample of 130 countries, 1963-2007. Then, we systematically investigate the effect of resource windfall on welfare in three different...

  • e-book

    The International Sugar Trade

    Spence,Donald; Tony Hannah
    (9566344)

    This is the first book to cover in a comprehensive way, the conduct and structure of the international sugar industry from cultivation right through to end use. The authors look in detail at the workings of the growing and production sector and the...

  • e-book

    Denmark - Report on Observance of Standards...

    Department,International Monetary Fund.
    (9632489)

    Denmark has a high level of compliance with the Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision (BCPs). The Danish Financial Supervisory Authority (DFSA) has the appropriate legal authority to carry out supervision effectively and in its...

  • e-book

    Can Statistical Capacity Building Help Reduce...

    Sampawende J Mr. Tapsoba; Robert C Mr. York
    (9465143)

    Few papers have attempted to assess the role of 'capacity,' especially in the area ofmacroeconomic statistics. Consequently, we make an attempt to advance this literaturethrough the construction of a 'statistical capacity building index,' and then...

  • e-book

    Macroeconomics Lectures - The Basic Models

    Salvatore Modica
    (10122624)

    The latest editions of introductory texts are becoming easier and easier. At the same time, macroeconomic models used by central banks in their simulations (the so-called Dynamic Stochastic General Equilibrium Models, DSGE) are increasingly...

  • e-book

    Alternative Currency Movements as a Challenge...

    North,Peter
    (10112193)

    Over the past 15 years, local money networks, which are essentially trading networks using a community-created currency, have emerged in countries as far apart as Argentina, Australia and New Zealand, Canada and the US, continental Europe and Japan....

  • e-book

    The Economics of Commercial Property Markets

    Lizieri,Colin; BALL,MICHAEL; MacGregor,Bryan
    (9567012)

    This new text provides a rigorous analysis of real estate markets. Three main sections cover:microeconomics of property markets the macroeconomics of commercial property the financial economics of propertyGlobal empirical examples illustrate the...

  • e-book

    Codes and Rings - Theory and Practice

    Solé,Patrick; Shi,Minjia; Alahmadi,Adel
    (9742223)

    Codes and Rings: Theory and Practice is a systematic review of literature that focuses on codes over rings and rings acting on codes. Since the breakthrough works on quaternary codes in the 1990s, two decades of research have moved the field far...

  • e-book

    Innovation, Entrepreneurship, Geography and...

    Oxley, Les; McCann,Philip; Oxley,Les
    (9297287)

    Innovation, Entrepreneurship, Geography and Growth provides a timely, accessible review of our understanding of the complex links between innovation, entrepreneurship, geography and growth. Expert contributions provide a thorough roadmap of the...

  • e-book

    Public Policy and Land Exchange - Choice, law...

    Giancarlo Panagia
    (10132451)

    This original contribution to the field is the first to bring economic sociology theory to the study of federal land exchanges. By blending public choice theory with engaging case studies that contextualize the tactics used by land developers, this...

  • e-book

    Alternative Currency Movements as a Challenge...

    North,Peter
    (10112135)

    Over the past 15 years, local money networks, which are essentially trading networks using a community-created currency, have emerged in countries as far apart as Argentina, Australia and New Zealand, Canada and the US, continental Europe and Japan....

  • e-book

    Promoting Sustainable Living - Sustainability...

    Karakiewicz, Justyna
    (10132464)

    Current images of sustainability are often designed to instil fear and force change, not because we believe in it, but because we fear the consequences of inaction. Moving away from negative portrayals of sustainability, this book identifies the...

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